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Capparis cynophallophora / Morisonia cynophallophora – Jamacan caper


Native to:



Florida, Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America to northern Argentina.

Dry and wet tropical forests, coastal thickets. Coastal elevations. 4 meters tall.

Capparis cynophallophora / Morisonia cynophallophora – Jamacan caper

Ecological value:

Produces large quantities of flowers. Attracts a variety of birds. Slow growth rate. Can be cultivated as a hedge or as an ornamental tree. Hosts species of butterflies. Wind resistant and extremely
salt tolerant.

Material uses:

Wood, yellow to brown, heavy and hard, wood used for posts and as a source of fuel-wood.

Edible uses:

No record on this species.

Medicinal use:

Roots and leaves used for a variety of ailments.

Other details:

Full sun/part shade, evergreen. Belongs to a genus of flowering plants that is found throughout the Americas. Sometimes cultivated in parks or as a street tree. Strongly scented blossom that turn from white to lavender when they open, in just a few hours.


Hyejung Moon/Christine Facella


“Morisonia Cynophallophora (L.) Christenh. & Byng | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science.” n.d. Plants of the World Online. Accessed November 28, 2023.
“Capparis Cynophallophora - Useful Tropical Plants.” n.d. Accessed November 28, 2023.
Little E.L. Wadsworth F.H., ‘Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands’, USDA, Forest Service; Washington, 1964
“Jamaican Caper.” n.d. Florida Native Plants Nursery & Landscaping. Accessed November 28, 2023.
Image source: Bob Peterson

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