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Cenostigma eriostachys - Iguano


Native to:



Central America and parts of the Caribbean.

Tropical forests. Up to 1500 meters above sea level. 8 meter tall tree.

Cenostigma eriostachys - Iguano

Ecological value:

Often fast growing. Prefers well-drained soils but tolerates poor soils as well. This species, although a member of the Fabaceae family, does not fix nitrogen. Controls erosion. Used as a live fence or hedge between fields.

Material uses:

Wood, dark brown and yellow, coarse textured. Another species in same genus, Caesalpinia echinata was once the source of a red dye.

Edible uses:

No record on this species.

Medicinal use:

No record on this species.

Other details:

Belongs to a genus of 15 species in the tropical Americas.


Hyejung Moon/Christine Facella


“Cenostigma Eriostachys (Benth.) Gagnon & G.P.Lewis | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science.” n.d. Plants of the World Online. Accessed December 1, 2023.
“Cenostigma Eriostachys - Useful Tropical Plants.” n.d. Accessed December 1, 2023.
Image source: Izamoi Nam (pictured here is C. macrophyllum).

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