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Dipteryx oleifera - Almendro


Native to:



Southern Central America, Ecuador and Colombia.

Humid, lowland species. Up to 400 meters above sea level (1300 some claims). 50 meter tall tree.

Dipteryx oleifera - Almendro

Ecological value:

Visited and pollinated by 20 different species of bees, drupes consumed by
wildlife such as Great Green Macaw and rodent species. Slow growth rate, up to 60 m tall. A promising reforestation species. Fruits in times of scarcity.

Material uses:

An extremely hard wood used in heavy construction projects, boats, veneers, machinery, sporting goods etc. One of heaviest woods globally. Resistant to rot. Seedpods used to make torches: each nut burns for 5 minutes.

Edible uses:

Edible seed, boiled. Shade tree in agroforestry schemes (cacao).

Medicinal use:

No record on this species.

Other details:

Tree reaches a tall height that allows the great green macaw bird to nest safely. Blooms between May and September. Attractive pink-purple blossoms which last for several weeks makes this tree a good ornamental. Classified endangered. Keystone species.


Ellen Rust/Christine Facella


“Dipteryx Oleifera Benth. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science.” n.d. Plants of the World Online. Accessed November 7, 2023.
‌“Dipteryx Oleifera - Useful Tropical Plants.” n.d. Accessed November 7, 2023.
‌Image source: Aparayil and Apipa. Pictured is D. panamensis and oleifera.

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