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Terminalia oblonga - Peruvian almond / Sura, Guayabon


Native to:



Southern Central America and northern and central South America.

Canopy species, floodplains. 30 meter tall tree, up to 900 meters above sea level.

Terminalia oblonga - Peruvian almond / Sura, Guayabon

Ecological value:

Pollinated by medium-sized bees and other insects. Found at lower elevations, and prefers well-drained alluvial soils. Commonly grows along riparian edges. Canopy tree. Seeds dispersed by wind.

Material uses:

Wood, heavy, hard and moderately durable. Resistant to wood-boring insects and fungi. Used for cabinetry, high quality furniture, flooring, tool handles, ship building, heavy construction including bridge-building, and veneers.

Edible uses:

Some fruits in this genus are edible, but no record on this species. Used as a shade tree for coffee in El Salvador and Guatemala.

Medicinal use:

Terminalia species in general contain compounds that may treat cancers, kidney and heart ailments, diabetes, malaria and fungal infections

Other details:

Fruits ripen between January and March and again in September - although this varies by region. Loses its foliage during dry spells.


Christine Facella


“Terminalia Oblonga (Ruiz & Pav.) Steud. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science.” n.d. Plants of the World Online. Accessed November 19, 2023.
‌“Terminalia Oblonga - Useful Tropical Plants.” n.d.
Terminalia oblonga, (Ruiz & Pav.) Steud., Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Costa Rica, Costa Rica
“Terminalia Oblonga (Sura).” 2022. CABI Compendium CABI Compendium (January).
Image sources: Reinaldo Aguilar.

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